Biogas in Europe: CO2 Neutrality and Waste Utilization.


CO2 Neutrality

In Europe, biogas is a pivotal energy source contributing to the achievement of climate goals. Anaerobic digestion of organic materials produces methane. The combustion of this methane releases CO2. However, this CO2 was previously bound in plants, making the entire process considered CO2 neutral. In many European countries, this advantage is recognized and utilized to support the transition to a low-carbon economy.

Waste Utilization

The ability to transform various wastes into energy has gained significance across Europe. From the agriculturally dominated regions of Poland and Denmark to the densely populated urban areas of Belgium and the Netherlands - waste utilization not only reduces landfill waste but also produces clean energy.

Numbers, Data, and Facts

Europe: By 2019, about 19,000 biogas plants were in operation in Europe. These facilities are spread across the continent:

  • Germany: Holding a leading position in biogas technology, Germany operates thousands of plants, especially processing agricultural residues.
  • France: The country has expanded its biogas infrastructure in recent years and aims to cover a significant portion of its gas consumption through biogas.
  • Italy: Northern Italy has a high density of biogas plants processing agricultural residues.
  • Poland: With a focus on agricultural waste and municipal wastewater facilities, the significance of biogas is steadily increasing.
  • Denmark: The country has invested in its biogas infrastructure and increased the proportion of green gas in the energy grid.
  • Netherlands: The focus here is on gasifying manure to produce biogas.
  • Czech Republic: The number of biogas plants is growing, with the focus on agricultural waste and municipal wastewater.
  • Belgium: The country has invested in the biogas sector, especially in Wallonia, where organic wastes are converted into green gas.


Throughout Europe, biogas has established itself as a valuable and sustainable energy source. Various countries harness their respective strengths and resources to capitalize on the benefits of biogas in terms of CO2 reduction and waste utilization. It's a clear indication that Europe is on the path to a greener and more sustainable future.

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