Biogas and Its Future in Europe

Biogas in Europe: CO2 Neutrality and Waste Utilization

Biogas in Europe

CO2 Neutrality

Biogas plays a crucial role in Europe as an energy source contributing to achieving climate goals. Methane is produced through the anaerobic digestion of organic materials. When this methane is burned, CO2 is released. However, this CO2 was previously bound in plants, making the entire process considered CO2-neutral. Many European countries recognize and utilize this advantage to support the transition to a low-carbon economy.

Waste Utilization

The ability to convert various waste materials into energy has gained importance throughout Europe. From the agriculturally dominated regions of Poland and Denmark to the densely populated urban areas of Belgium and the Netherlands, waste utilization not only reduces landfill waste but also generates clean energy.

Facts and Figures

Europe: By 2019, approximately 19,000 biogas plants were operational in Europe, distributed across the continent:

  • Germany: Leading in biogas technology, Germany operates thousands of facilities, particularly processing agricultural residues.
  • France: The country has expanded its biogas infrastructure in recent years and aims to cover a significant portion of its gas consumption with biogas.
  • Italy: Northern Italy boasts a high density of biogas plants processing agricultural residues.
  • Poland: With a focus on agricultural waste and municipal wastewater plants, the importance of biogas is steadily increasing.
  • Denmark: The country has invested in its biogas infrastructure, increasing the share of green gas in the energy grid.
  • Netherlands: The focus here is on digesting manure to produce biogas.
  • Czech Republic: The number of biogas plants is growing, with a focus on agricultural waste and municipal wastewater.
  • Belgium: The country has invested in the biogas sector, especially in Wallonia, where organic waste is converted into green gas.


Biogas has established itself as a valuable and sustainable energy source across Europe. Different countries leverage their respective strengths and resources to harness the benefits of biogas in terms of CO2 reduction and waste utilization. It is a clear indication that Europe is on the path to a greener and more sustainable future.